© Christopher Earls Brennen



Edward Brennan (or, perhaps, Brennenn or a similar name) is our earliest known paternal ancestor. He was born in 1805 or 1806 according to the age on his death certificate. We presently know almost nothing of his background or place of birth. However, there is much circumstantial evidence that suggests he was closely related to both Bernard Brennan of Dromore (married 1838) and Daniel Brennan of Ballyknock (born about 1810), both whose families are detailed in Appendix 2A. Ballyknock is very close to Taughblane and Dromore is not too much further away. All three may have been brothers. The evidence is in letters written by Daniel Brennan to his daughter Mary McKee in Victoria, Australia. In one letter dated 1869, Daniel writes ``Eliza Jane Miller states in a letter that they have ten acres of land and is liking the country well ...''. In another letter he writes of a ``Mrs Murry. She has a cow and two little boys Edward and William John."

Taughblane about 1860.
According to the family history of their daughter, Eliza Jane Miller, Edward married Mary McCauly. Moreover since Eliza Jane called Hillsborough her birthplace, it seems that Edward and Mary Brennen resided at least in Hillsborough Parish. The Griffith Valuation, 1863, (Public Record Office, Northern Ireland PRONI) lists Edward Brennan in the townland of Taughblane, Parish of Hillsborough, Union of Lisburn. Taughblane is about 3 miles WSW of Hillsborough. Edward subleased a house and small garden valued at 15 shillings from Jeremiah Woods who leased the property along with three others from the Marquis of Downshire. The PRO map references for Edward's house are VAL/2A/3/21B or VAL/2A/3/14B and a copy of a portion of the former map is included here. Note the row of three small houses in one of which Edward lived. They lay within 100 yards of St. John's, Kilwarlin, on a site that is now occupied by a modern bungalow. The tithe applotment records for the Parish of Hillsborough (PRONI FIN 5A/152) do not include any listing for an Edward Brennan. However it seems that this Edward Brennan lived and perhaps worked on the Kilwarlin Estate of the Marquis of Downshire. Perhaps he worked for Jeremiah Woods from whom he rented his house. The Kilwarlin Estate Rental Books (PRONI D671/R8/nnn), though they do not include Edward Brennan, do list Jeremiah Woods as renting 19 acres and 3 roods in Taughblane. I also consulted the Taughblane leases, reference PRONI D671/L8/48, that include the Jeremiah Woods lease, dated 1774. This lists Woods as a linen manufacturer and includes a small map of a parcel of land measuring 9 acres, 3 roods and 4 perches next to the ``Moss'' road. I also noted a lease to a ``Bernard Mercer'' in the same package.

Map of the Hillsborough/Dromore area of County Down showing some
of the places occuring in the story of the Brennen family.

Muriel Paisley, Edward's great-granddaughter, who researched the family history some years ago, believed that Edward at one time lived on or near the Kilwarlin Estate. Janine Lavery recalls visiting Kilwarlin with her mother, Muriel Paisley, and meeting a man who told them of a field called Brennan's ground.

There are two Kilwarlin parish churches: St. John's, Upper Kilwarlin and St. James, Lower Kilwarlin. St. John's was opened for services on Oct.28, 1840; prior to this during the period 1835-40 services were held every second Sunday afternoon in a schoolroom in Taughblane. Gravestone Inscriptions, Vol.18 (PRONI) covers the parish of Hillsborough but does not include any Brennans. The church registers for Kilwarlin were destroyed in the Dublin fire of 1922. Hence the baptismal records in the General Registry Office, Belfast (GRO) only go back to the 1860s. The marriage registers are held in Lisburn Registry office and those for the Kilwarlin parish churches date back to April 1, 1845. Copies of the marriage certificates of two of Edward's daughters, Anna and Eliza Jane (see below) both of whom were married in St. John's Church, Kilwarlin are included here. Both Anna and Eliza Jane resided in Toghblane(sic) at the time of their marriage. In both cases Edward's surname is given as Brennan, though since neither daughter could write it may be that Edward was similarly illiterate. In either case the precise spelling of the surname is probably of little significance. On Anna Brennan's certificate (1852) Edward is listed as a weaver; on Eliza Jane's (1863) he is listed as a labourer. Eliza Jane's wedding was witnessed by her brother Bernard Brennan and by Catherine Brennan (relation uncertain) both of whom did sign. It is the former signature that provides the primary documentary proof for Edward as our ancestor.

Edward's son, Bernard, was married in Cork in 1874 (see below) and Edward's daughter, Mary, was married in Donaghmore, County Tyrone, in 1872. On both of these certificates Bernard has spelt his surname and that of his father as Brennenn. Later this was shortened to Brennen. Prior to this Bernard had spent some time in Dublin at teacher training school and it was probably during this period that he aquired some French fashions and began to spell his surname differently. We should not, however, make too much of the unusual spelling since, until about 1860, surnames were spelt somewhat flexibly. On both Bernard's and Mary's marriage certificates Bernard listed his father, Edward, as a land steward.

Thus it is fairly well established that Edward and Mary Brennan, our earliest known ancestors, lived and raised their family in Taughblane on the Kilwarlin estate of the Marquis of Downshire. As a weaver Edward may have worked for his landlord, Jeremiah Woods. In this part of Ulster many of the country houses had a large room at the rear that was known as the ``shop''. This contained the loom at a time when the local people worked at home for the linen manufacturers. When no weaving was available they worked for the local farmers and hence Edward could have simultaneously been a weaver and a labourer. Perhaps he later became a land steward. The family appear to have belonged to the St. John's Church of Ireland on the Kilwarlin estate.

Edward Brennan's death is included in the civil registration of deaths for 1865. According to this Edward died on March 25, 1865, at the age of 60. He died in Taughblane of pneumonia after an illness of one week; the death certificate notes ``no medical attendant''. It also records that his daughter, Anna Murray, was present at his death and that Edward was married (this may mean that his wife, Mary, survived him) and a labourer.

Death certificate of Edward Brennan.

Parenthetically we should note that according to Gertrude Scott's recollections Edward and Mary's son, Bernard, came from Kilwaughter, County Antrim. While this is clearly disproved by the fact that Bernard lists his place of birth as County Down on his 1901 Census return it is just possible that there was an earlier family connection with Kilwaughter. It is even possible that Edward may have been born there. I have not, however, found any evidence of an Edward Brennan in Kilwaughter. Included in the appendices to this chapter are some records of Brennans in Kilwaughter which do not have any known connection to our family.

The connection with the Woods family may be worth pursuing further. We have already mentioned that Jeremiah Woods may have been both landlord and employer to Edward. Moreover a Hugh Woods witnessed Edward's daughter, Anna's, marriage. There are several Woods gravestones in St. John's, Kilwarlin, graveyard. One commemorates Jeremiah Woods who died Aug.16, 1900, his wife Elizabeth who died Aug.19, 1867, his son James Henry Montgomery Woods who died May 4, 1914 and James's wife, Mary Wilson Woods who died April 30, 1915. A second stone commemorates a loving husband and father, Hugh Jordan Woods, who died Sept. 2, 1973. Lastly a cast iron tablet on a low-railed enclosure marks ``the family burying place of Hugh Woods, Belfast, 1869''. A Woods descendant, Rosemary Lyness (nee Woods) now lives in the modern bungalow just north of where the row of cottage houses that Edward Brennan lived in once stood. She says that she only got planning permission to build her bungalow because of that previous dwelling. I made indirect contact with her through her cousin Edwin Woods (, the great grandson of Jeremiah Woods.


  1. Anna Brennan was born in 1832. On Aug.20, 1852 at the age of 20 she married David Murray, a servant of full age, in St. John's Church, Kilwarlin, parish of Hillsborough. On the marriage certificate Anna's father, Edward Brennan, is listed as a weaver; David's father, Thomas Murray, as a labourer. Both David and Anna were resident in Toghblane (sic) at the time of their marriage. Neither could write and so signed the certificate with a mark. The marriage was solemnized by Howard B. St. George and witnessed by Hugh Woods (possibly a relative of Jeremiah Woods?) and by Isaac Craig. We know of three children of the marriage, Edward, Sarah Jane and Mary Eliza. At the time of Mary Eliza's birth they were still residing in Taughblane though David is listed as a labourer rather than a servant on Mary Eliza's birth certificate. It also seems that Anna may have been taking care of her father during these early years of her marriage. According to Edward's death certificate, Anna was present at her father's death in Taughblane in March 1865. She also requested certification of Sarah Jane's birth on Dec.4, 1880. The children of David and Anna Murray:
    1. Edward Murray was born on Mar.8, 1857, and was baptized in the parish of Hillsborough. In the parish record, his father David is listed as a labourer. DNA analysis revealed a connection between the author (Christopher Earls Brennen) and Edward Murray's granddaughter Maureen Trimble Murray which uncovered the following family history. Edward married Isabella Gray on Mar.21, 1886, and they had three children as listed below. Isabella died on Jan.18, 1897. and Edward was married for the second time to Matilda Lovell on Apr.1, 1898. Edward and Matilda had two children as listed below. It seems likely that Matilda was the daughter of Henry Yoxall, a chemist with a business in the Cornmarket in Belfast (see 1901 Census). In the 1901 Census of Ireland Edward Murray, aged 44 and born in County Down, and his wife Matilda Murray, aged 41 and born in County Down, are recorded living in House 35, Little Victoria Street, Windsor Ward, Antrim, with family as described below. Edward is described as a "Van Driver" and the family is Church of Ireland. In the 1911 Census of Ireland Edward Murray, aged 55 and born in County Down, and his wife Matilda Murray, aged 50 and born in County Down, are recorded living in Harmony Street, Windsor Ward, Antrim, with their sons, Arthur Yoxall Murray, aged 8, and William Edward Murray, aged 12; also living in the home is a 73-year-old boarder Elizabeth Bryans. Edward is listed as a "Chemist's Porter" and the family belongs to the Church of Ireland. The family remembers that Edward was a van driver for a company called Grattan's in Great Victoria Street, Belfast, a small family firm that produced mineral waters. The children of Edward Murray:
      1. Annie Murray, the first child of Edward and Isabella Murray, was born in Belfast on Feb.11, 1887, and is listed in the 1901 Census as a 14-year-old living at 35 Little Victoria Street, Windsor Ward, Antrim, with her parents. Annie married a man named Carlton and had four children:
        1. Edith Carlton married a man named Donaldson.
        2. Charles Carlton
        3. Mima Carlton married a man named Finlay.
        4. Jean Carlton married a man named Hobbs.
      2. Herbert Murray, the second child of Edward and Isabella Murray, was born in Belfast on Oct.4, 1889, and is listed in the 1901 Census as a 12-year-old living at 35 Little Victoria Street, Windsor Ward, Antrim, with his parents. Herbert emigrated to America, perhaps to Florida. He never married.
      3. Lucy Murray died at age 5.
      4. Ethel Murray died at 9 weeks.
      5. Jane Murray, a child of Edward and Isabella Murray, was born in Belfast about 1891 and is listed in the 1901 Census as a 10-year-old living at 35 Little Victoria Street, Windsor Ward, Antrim, with her parents. Jane emigrated to America, perhaps to Florida. She married a man named Bernard Ashby and they may have both served in the Salvation Army.
      6. William Edward Murray, the first child of Edward and Matilda Murray, was born in Belfast about 1900 and is listed in the 1901 Census as a 1-year-old living at 35 Little Victoria Street, Windsor Ward, Antrim, with his parents. In the 1911 Census he is listed as a 12-year-old living in Harmony Street, Windsor Ward, County Antrim, with his parents. William married a woman named Jane but they did not have any children. William died on Sep.29, 1975.
      7. Arthur Yoxall Murray, the second child of Edward and Matilda Murray, was born in Belfast on Jan.10, 1903, and is listed in the 1911 Census as a 8-year-old living in Harmony Street, Windsor Ward, County Antrim, with his parents. Arthur married Maria Theresa Auld (born May 20, 1904) on Oct.19, 1926, and they had two children listed below. Maria Theresa died on Sep.18, 1940. Arthur The children of Arthur and Maria Theresa Murray:
        1. Edward Murray was born on Apr.27, 1927. He married Myrtle White on Jul.29, 1953.
        2. Mary Trimble Murray, known as Maureen, was born on Jan.31, 1933, and emigrated to New Zealand in Feb. 1956.
      Edward & Isabella Murray   Annie, Herbert & Jane Murray   Edward, Arthur and Matilda Murray
      (Courtesy of Maureen Trimble Murray)

    2. Sarah Jane Murray was born on Jun.4, 1861, and was baptized in the parish of Hillsborough. In the parish record, it is recorded that her mother received a certificate of the birth on Dec.4, 1880, when Sarah Jane would have been 19 years old and therefore of marrying age. Perhaps the certificate was needed for an underage marriage.

    3. Mary Eliza Murray was born on Feb. 25, 1865, in Taughblane, Hillsborough, County Down. On her birth certificate her father, David Murray, is listed as a labourer and her mother's maiden name is given as Branan.

    Copy of the marriage certificate of Anna Brennan to David Murray in 1852.

    Copy of the marriage certificate of Eliza Jane Brennan to Samuel Millar in 1863.

    Left: Samuel Miller. Right: Eliza Jane Miller (with Roderick John Finlayson), Jean Finlayson and Margaret
    (Courtesy of Ross Miller)

  2. Eliza Jane Brennan was born in Hillsborough in 1843. On May 8, 1863 at the age of 20 she was married to Samuel Millar, a servant of full age, in St. John's Church, Kilwarlin, Parish of Hillsborough. Eliza Jane's father is listed as Edward Brennan, a labourer; Samuel's father as Samuel Millar, a labourer. Both Samuel and Eliza Jane were resident in Toghblane (sic) at the time of their marriage. Neither could write and so signed their marriage certificate with a mark. The marriage was solemnized by Howard B. St. George and witnessed by Bernard Brennan (presumably Eliza Jane's brother) and by Catherine Brennan who could have been the bride's sister. Shortly after their marriage, Samuel and Eliza decided to join the Waikato Immigration Scheme and to emigrate to New Zealand. This information and most of the Miller family history described below and in Chapter 3, was obtained from Ross Miller, who has done a marvellous job of researching and documenting the Miller family history in New Zealand in his book entitled "From County Down to Down Under. The story of Samuel and Eliza Jane (nee Brennan) Miller".

    The Waikato Scheme was designed by the government to encourage emigration to New Zealand by providing passage to a group of small farmers. They would work an assignment of land (10 acres) and receive title to that land after three years. Thus in 1864, with their infant daughter Margaret, Samuel and Eliza Jane travelled to Cork where they embarked on the sailing ship "Ganges" along with about 470 other passengers of modest means. The "Ganges", a clipper ship of 1211 tons (200 feet long and 36ft beam), left Queenstown, Ireland on Nov. 5, 1864, with a mainfest that included Samuel, Eliza and Margaret Miller. The voyage became a tragedy as over 54 children and 2 adults were to die of disease. The year-old infant, Margaret Jane Miller, died on Dec. 27, 1864, just after the "Ganges" rounded the Cape of Good Hope. A story in the ``Daily Southern Cross'' that reported the arrival of the "Ganges" in Auckland, New Zealand on Feb.14, 1865, after a voyage of 100 days, commented on the deaths though it also seemed to praise the captain, Thomas Funnell. Later inquiries in New Zealand characterized the "Ganges" as "The Death Ship" and attributed the tragedy to overcrowding, unsanitary conditions and a shortage of food and medicines. We note that a Robert F. Miller, aged 4 years and 6 months, also died during the voyage.

    After some preliminary billeting, the "Ganges" passengers, including Samuel and Eliza Jane, were transported to their settlement in Pukekohe West about 30 miles south of Auckland. There Samuel and Eliza Jane were allocated two ten acre lots where, like many others, they probably erected a thatched hut known as a "whare". As the Millers developed their holding in the years that followed, Samuel bought and sold various lots and mortgaged them in an effort to make a living. Unfortunately, at one point in 1888, he was declared bankrupt probably because of a severe depression in the New Zealand economy.

    But life in Pukekohe continued. Samuel is remembered for a rhyme he used to sing for his grandchildren (especially after a couple of beers): "I'm little Sammy Miller from County Down, I'm the best little man for 10 miles around". On May 13, 1913, the local newspaper, "Franklin Times", reported the celebration of the Golden Wedding of Samuel and Eliza, attended by a large family and dignitories such as the mayor of Pukekohe. Eliza Jane died of a heart attack at the age of 78 on Dec.21, 1922, at their home on Nelson Street. Samuel died in the Auckland Hospital on Nov.4, 1924, at the age of 85. They are buried in the Presbyterian Pukekohe Cemetery where their gravestone reads: ``In loving memory of our dear mother E. J. Miller d. 23 December 1922; also father Samuel Miller d. 6 November 1924; also dear brother Ted d. 24 October 1918. Eliza J. Miller; (E. S. Miller).'' This grave is located at Ref. 2096, Row F, Nos. 64, 66, 68. We note that Millers are also buried in No. 70 that has no headstone.

    We list here the basic information on the children of Samuel and Eliza Jane Miller. For convenience, the families of these children are described elsewhere in Appendix 2A:

    1. Margaret Jane Miller was born in Ireland in 1863 and died on Dec. 27, 1864, aboard the "Ganges" just after the ship rounded the Cape of Good Hope. She was buried at sea the same day.
    2. Mary Miller was born on Jul.9, 1865, in Pokeno possibly while her parents were temporarily billeted at Queens Redoubt prior to their transport to Pukekohe. She worked as a domestic servant and on Feb.12, 1885, was married in St. Andrews Church, Pukekohe, to Thomas Stephenson Twidle, a railway porter living in Helensville, the son of George and Ann Twidle. They lived in Mercer, in Auckland, in Parnell, in Rotorua, in Franklin and in Whangarei as Thomas was a railway employee moving to various jobs as a shunter, railway guard and goods foreman. Mary and Thomas also ran boarding houses primarily for railway workers. They had 11 children listed in Chapter 3. Thomas died in Whangarei on Mar.17, 1921, at age 60 and was buried in (Keoreroa) Otaika Cemetery. Mary retained the boarding house and was married for a second time to Thomas James Nott (also a railway employee) on Mar.13, 1922, in the Registrar's Office in Whangarei. Nott died on Oct.21, 1940, and Mary on Sep.30, 1943. She was interred in Pukekohe Cemetery.
    3. Margaret Jane Miller was born in Pukekohe on Sep.25, 1867, and baptized there on Nov.5, 1867. On Oct.25, 1892, she was married in the Auckland Registrar's Office to a widower, Thomas Blong, who had been born into a Hugenot family in Ireland, his parents being William and Christina Blanc. Thomas and Margaret lived in Helensville and Tokatoka where he worked as an engineer on the steamers plying the Wairoa river. Then about 1894 they received land in a ballot and Thomas eventually left the steamers to take up farming. After the First World War, they moved in to Auckland where they ran a hotel but various family members continued farming. Thomas and Margaret had 11 children described in Chapter 3. Margaret died on Jan.11, 1942, and Thomas on Apr.6, 1951. They are buried in Purewa Cemetery.
    4. Thomas Miller was born in Pukekohe on Aug.1, 1869, and later claimed he was born in a "whare" on the Grange farm at Glenbrook. Early in life he travelled about digging gum for a living and playing rugby for fun. He would travel to games on horseback. On Feb.1, 1893, he was married in his parents home to Ellen Muir Buchanan who had been born in Scotland. Thomas worked as a farmer. They lived in Helensville, Tokatoka and Waiukuams and they had 11 children described in Chapter 3. Ellen died on Mar.12, 1958, and Thomas died 4 months later on Jul.11, 1958. They are buried in Waiuku Cemetery.
    5. Sarah Miller was born in Pukekohe on Jul.25, 1873, and led a difficult life. On Mar.10, 1897, a pregant Sarah lodged an application for relief with the Auckland Hospital; what happened to the child is unknown. On Jan.31, 1900, Sarah was married in the Drury District Registrar's Office to Joseph Goodwin, a farm labourer, and they lived in Ngaruawahia. They adopted a girl, Dolly Goodwin, but then separated in 1910 and Sarah returned to live with her parents. Joseph filed for divorce in 1916 citing Sarah's adultery with P.J.Francois. Sarah then went to Wellington where she gave birth to a daughter, Iris Coker Goodwin who was later adopted by Lionel and Sarah Mitchell. Between 1915 and 1918, Sarah had several run-ins with the law in Wellington and spent some time in prison. On Dec.3, 1921, she married a widowed bricklayer Thomas O'Connor at the Registrar's Office in Auckland and they ran a boarding house in Auckland. Thomas died on Sep.18, 1932, and was buried in Hillsborough Cemetery. Sarah died on Sep.9, 1936, and is buried in Pukekohe Cemetery.
    6. Samuel James Miller was born in Pukekohe on Nov.1, 1876, never married and spent most of his life as a farm labourer in Pukekohe, Waiuku, Papakura and Mangatangi. He died of a heart attack on Jun.27, 1936, and is buried in Pukekohe Cemetery.
    7. Isabella Miller was born in Pukekohe on Sep.2, 1879. On Aug.7, 1897, she was married in the Auckland Registrar's Office to John Hamilton Morrow (known as Jack) whose parents had also emigrated to New Zealand aboard the Ganges. They were dairy farmers and moved around a good deal in the North Island. They had 10 children decribed in Chapter 3. Isabella died on Sep.8, 1946, and was buried in Hillsborough Cemetery. Jack died on Sep.22, 1969, and was buried in the Ngongotaha Cemetery.
    8. Edward Stephen Miller, known as "Ted", was born in Pukekohe on Nov.26, 1881. Ted died on Oct.24, 1918, and is buried with his parents in Pukekohe West as the above gravestone inscription attests.
    9. Henry Miller, known as Harry, was born in Pukekohe on Nov.13, 1882. He worked in the Martha Mine at Waihi, in the bush in the northern Wairoa area and later as a butcher. On Mar.30, 1909, he was married in the Church of the Province of New Zealand in Te Kopuru to Sarah Olive Walton, known as Dolly. She was a teacher in the Mareretu School in Auckland. Soon they bought Dolly's father's dairy farm and operated this until retirement. Harry and Dolly had 6 children described in Chapter 3. Harry died on May 23, 1952. Dolly moved to Whangerei and passed away on Jun.21, 1974. They are buried in Mt. Wesley Cemetery.
    10. Arthur Raymond Miller, the older of twin boys, was born in Pukekohe on Dec.26, 1884. Family legend says that he and his brother Ted built the house in Nelson Street for their parents. In early life Arthur held many different jobs including bush clearing, gum digging and work on the railways but spent most of his life working for the Pukekohe Borough Council as a teamster. On Christmas Day, 1911, in St. James Presbyterian Church, he was married to Ada May Stayte, whose family had emigrated from England. Arthur and Ada lived in the Nelson Steet house after his parents died and they had 11 children. They celebrated their golden wedding anniversary in 1961 with more than 100 descendants present. Arthur died on Jun.25, 1963, and Ada on Dec.3, 1983; they are buried in Pukekohe Cemetery.
    11. Adrian David Miller, the younger of twin boys, was born in Pukekohe on Dec.26, 1884. He suffered from an illness called marasmus and died on Apr.27, 1885.
    12. Hilda Adelaide Miller was born in Pukekohe on Apr.8, 1886. On Nov.27, 1905, in the Auckland Registrar's Office, Hilda was married to Robert Lenrick Saul Johnston of Pukekohe, known as Len. They lived on John Street, Pukekohe and had four children described in Chapter 3. On May 11, 1932, Hilda died of a heart attack while travelling to hospital by bus. Len lived another 27 years. They are buried in Pukekohe Cemetery.
    13. Mabel Florence Miller was born in Pukekohe on Mar.13, 1889. Early in life she worked in the Geyser Hotel in Rotorua and in a boarding house in Frankton Junction owned by her sister. On Jan.25, 1927, in Auckland Registrar's Office she was married to Ante Robert "Tony" Plenda who was born in Dalmatia about 1879. Tony and Mabel owned a farm on the Thames coast at Tapu and had one child, John Brennan Plenda. Tony died on Jul.7, 1952, and Mabel on Jun.27, 1953. They are buried in Totara Park Cemetery, Thames.

  3. Mary Brennen was born in County Down about 1845, the daughter of Edward Brennan and the sister of Bernard. It was almost certainly Mary who was the mistress of the Church Society's School in Donaghmore, County Tyrone during the period 1863-1870 when her brother Bernard was the master. On August 20, 1872 she was married to William Stewart (junior) in St. Patrick's Parish Church, Donaghmore, County Tyrone. A record of this marriage can be found in the Marriage Register of the church that Alex Caldwell consulted for me. William's father, William Stewart (senior), had a small farm in Tullyleek (just along the railway line from Railway Cottage) that William (junior) inherited when his father died on Jan.25, 1877. On the marriage certificate Mary's father is given as Edward Brennenn, a land steward. The marriage was witnessed by the bride's brother ``Barnard Brennenn''. William and Mary raised two children, Alexander and Louisa, listed below. The records of the 1901 Census for the townland of Tullyleek are somewhat puzzling. In one house, owned by William Stewart, 56-year-old Mary Stewart is listed as the head of the household and resident in the house are her son 25-year-old Alexander and her daughter 25-year-old Louisa M. Stewart. Mary is listed as a farmer's wife, born in County Down. But listed in a different household are 64-year-old farmer William A. Stewart, his 52-year-old wife Anne Jane Stewart and two neices, 20-year-old Elizabeth Reid and 11-year-old Anne Jane Reid. All belonged to the Church of Ireland. William Stewart died on Jun.30, 1919, and Mary on Mar.25, 1906. They are both buried alongside William Stewart (senior) in the graveyard of St. Patrick's Parish Church in Donaghmore where they are memorialized on a companion gravestone to that of Bernard Brennen and his family.
    1. Alexander Stewart was born about 1875 and is listed as living with his mother and sister in Tullyleek in the 1901 Census. His trade is listed as ``farmer's son''. Alexander never married. He would visit the Brennen home every Sunday for lunch and tea and would usually come for a meal several other times during the week. His housekeeper was Elizabeth ``Lizzie'' Reid who was the sister of Mrs. Caldwell with whom Lizzie lived. In winter, Alexander would walk Lizzie home along the railway line. Alexander died on Dec.18, 1948, and is buried with his parents in the graveyard of St. Patrick's Parish Church, Donaghmore.
    2. Louisa M. Stewart was born about 1877 and is listed as living with her mother and brother in Tullyleek in the 1901 Census. About 1902 she married James Gilpin who had a farm at Verner's Bridge in County Armagh and a grocery and seed business in George's Street, Dungannon, County Tyrone. In the 1911 Census 34-year-old farmer James Gilpin and his 34-year-old wife Louisa Maria Gilpin are listed as living in Copney, Killyman, County Armagh with four of their children as indicated below. Also listed as living in the house are James's mother, 70-year-old widow Eliza Jane Gilpin (born in County Armagh), a nephew 19-year-old Verner Gilpin Dever and two farm servants, 36-year-old Robert McCooey and 35-year-old Michael McCaughey. The Gilpin family are Methodist James and Louisa Gilpin had a total of eight children:
      1. Redvers Stewart Gilpin was born about 1902 and is listed in the 1911 Census as a 8-year-old schoolboy living with his parents in Copney, Killyman, County Armagh. Stewart became a farmer and lived near Annaghmore in County Armagh.
      2. William Stanley Gilpin was born about 1904 and is listed in the 1911 Census as a 6-year-old schoolboy living with his parents in Copney, Killyman, County Armagh. Stanley had a hardware store in George's Street, Dungannon just across the street from the Kerr's tailor's shop. The Gilpins and the Kerrs were very friendly. Stanley's wife, Winifred Gilpin emigrated to Canada in the 1960's and lived at 386 Frederick Street, Midland, Ontario L4R 3P4, Canada. They had six children as follows:
        1. Norman Gilpin was a bank official and towards the end of his career was the manager of the Trustee Savings Bank (now First Trust Bank) in Dungannon. He married Anne (a teacher) and are both now (2004) retired living in Bramble Lane, Dungannon. They have two children
          1. Paul Gilpin who works in Admissions at Middlesex University in London, England.
          2. Mark Gilpin lives in Dungannon.
        2. Freda Gilpin lives in Midland, Ontario, Canada, with her husband Bertie McFarland.
        3. Joy Gilpin lives in Auburn, California.
        4. Pamela Gilpin lives in Midland, Ontario, Canada, with her husband Bill Scott.
        5. Stanley Gilpin is married to Colleen and lives in Bobcaygeon, Ontario, Canada. They have three children:
          1. Andrea Gilpin
          2. Tara Gilpin
          3. Douglas Gilpin
        6. Heather Gilpin married Brian Henderson who owns a supermarket, restaurant and gas station in Dungannon. They live in Tamnamore near Dungannon and have three children Karen, Kerry and James.
      3. James Ernest Gilpin was born about 1906 and is listed in the 1911 Census as a 4-year-old schoolboy living with his parents in Copney, Killyman, County Armagh.
      4. Mary Louisa Elizabeth Gilpin, known as May, was born about 1908 and is listed in the 1911 Census as a 2-year-old living with her parents in Copney, Killyman, County Armagh.
      5. Amy Gilpin who is widowed and lives in Belfast(1985).
      6. Edgar Gilpin worked in Moygashel and married Dorothy Elliot from Pettigo. They lived in Dungannon and had two sons. One son, Derek, worked in Barkleys Bank in Belfast.
      7. Mervyn Gilpin worked in Moygashel and married a woman from Armagh. They lived on Empire Avenue, Dungannon and had a son, Keith Gilpin.
      8. Meta Gilpin who is married and lives near Dungannon.

  4. Catherine Brennan who witnessed the marriage of Samuel Millar and Eliza Jane Brennan may have been another of Edward Brennan's daughters. A Kate Brennen was present at the birth of Herbert Brennen to Bernard and Susan Brennen in Donaghmore, County Tyrone, in 1880. Gertrude Scott, in her letters, mentioned a Kate Brennan as living with Bernard and Susan Brennen in Donaghmore, County Tyrone. Gertrude recalls Kate and even identifies her as one of the woman in an accompanying photograph that was probably taken about 1908. But this raises a puzzle for a Kathleen Brennen is mentioned on the family gravestone in Donaghmore along with the other children of Bernard and Susan Brennen; apparently Kathleen died in 1892 and can not be the same as remembered by Gertrude Scott. Therefore not all of these references can be to Catherine but they are numerous enough to indicate that Bernard may have had a sister Catherine who lived with him.

    Map of eastern County Tyrone showing some of the
    places occuring in the story of the Brennen family.

    St. Patrick's, Donaghmore

  5. Bernard McAuley Brennen (1843-1918) was the only known son of Edward Brennan. According to his own 1901 Census return he was born in County Down and it is quite possible that he was born in Taughblane, County Down. If so it is very likely that he attended the parochial school in the parish of St. John's, Kilwarlin, for that school is marked on early maps of the 1850s and was only about 100 yards from Bernard's home. It seems that he must have excelled at school because in 1861 at the age of about 18 he moved to Donaghmore, County Tyrone, to take up two positions as the teacher in the Church Society's School and as Parish Clerk in St. Patrick's Parish Church, Donaghmore. The first definite record of Bernard is his signature to the Vestry Minutes of St. Patrick's on April 1, 1861. As with later minutes he signed himself Bernard Brennenn. Moreover ``Mr.Brennan'' is listed in the Ulster Directories for the period 1863 through 1870 as the schoolmaster in the Church Society's School in Donaghmore. The Church Society's Schools were run by the Church of Ireland. A Miss Brennan, probably his sister Mary, is similarly listed as the mistress of the same school for the same period. Since Mary subsequently married and settled in Donaghmore it seems likely that she accompanied Bernard when he first came to that village. Bernard next appears as a witness to his sister Eliza Jane's wedding in St. John's, Kilwarlin, on May 8, 1863, when he was about 20 years old. The 1868 parish records for the Church Society's School state that Bernard was granted 5 pounds for teaching the evening school.

    Ten years after he first arrived in Donaghmore, Bernard left the parish. In the Vestry Minutes of July 29, 1871, it is recorded that ``Mr. B. Brennen ceased to be Parish Clerk having commuted his annuity of 7 pounds per annum. The total commuted value amounted to 126 pounds, 14 shillings and four pence of which 32 pounds, 7 shillings and 8 pence was paid to Mr. Brennen and 94 pounds, 6 shillings and 8 pence to the Representative Body (of the Church of Ireland) which latter sum is invested for the benefit of the parish at the rate of 4 percent per annum.'' Incidentally there followed a long correspondence between the Representative Body and the Vestry as the latter wished to have complete control of the investment and so get a higher rate of interest than 4 percent. Also, it should be noted that a W. Walker is listed as the Church Society's School master in the 1877 Ulster Directory.

    Extracts from the Vestry minutes of St. Patrick's, Donaghmore, showing the signature of Bernard Brennen.

    Bernard and Susan Brennen with Bernard and Susan Brennen
    their daughters Edith and Maude in 1914.
    and "Kate" Brennen (about 1908).

    We cannot be certain why Bernard left Donaghmore though it seems likely that it was at this time that he attended the Church of Ireland teacher training college in Dublin, perhaps in order to qualify himself to become a National School teacher. Unfortunately the records of this college in Kildare Street, Dublin, do not begin until 1884. According to the present archivist at the modern Church of Ireland College of Education at 96 Upper Rathmines, Dublin 6, students in those early days only came up to Dublin for a few months and generally lived in the college. If Bernard did indeed attend the teacher training college at this time (between 1871 and 1874) it was there and then that he met Susanna Dorothea Quin who trained to be a teacher at that same college. Susanna was born in Dublin in 1854, the daughter of Edward Quin and his wife Dorothea, formerly Eames. The story of Dorothea and her family is told in Chapter 3. Bernard and Susanna were married on Jul.5, 1874 in St. Mary Church in the Parish of St. Mary Shandon in the city of Cork, Ireland (Church of Ireland). On the marriage certificate he is described as being of full age, a bachelor and a schoolteacher. His place of residence is given as Kinsale, Ireland and his date of birth as 1843. Interestingly his name is given only as Macaulay Brennenn. Susanna is described as being of full age, a spinster of the Cork District of (illegible) and the daughter of Edward Quin, an accountant.

    Bernard and Susanna returned to Dublin shortly after their marriage and, on May 26, 1875, their first child was born at 14 Lower Wellington Street presumably their residence. On the birth certificate Bernard has listed himself as Macaulay Brennan and Susanna's maiden name is given as Quinn. Shortly thereafter they moved to the north of Ireland where they first taught in a school near Newtownbutler that was run by the Earl of Erne. They lived in Corlatt which is about a mile southwest of Newtonbutler and on the shore of Upper Lough Erne. Their second child, Alfred, was born in Corlatt on Dec.3, 1876. On the birth certificate the father is given as Barnard Macaulay Brennenn, a National School Teacher, and the mother as Susanna Dorothea, maiden name Quin. A Dorotha Quin, nurse, was present at the birth, evidently the sister Dorothea mentioned above who may have moved north with Bernard and Susanna. From Corlatt Bernard and Susanna had to take a boat on the Erne to and from the school each day and Susanna did not like that very much. So they left and went to Dungiven, then to Crossdernot, County Tyrone, which is about 3 miles due north of Donaghmore. Crossdernott school was the Pomeroy Parish School which dated back to 1804 and which became a National School in 1877/78 with Bernard Brennen as its master though a William Nicholl became its principal in 1881. Bernard and Susan must have been settled in Donaghmore by 1878 because their two eldest children were baptized there in March 1878 and in June 1878 their third child, Wilfred was born in Donaghmore. On that birth certificate the father and mother are given as Bernard Macauley Brennen, schoolteacher, and Susan Dorah, maiden name Quin. At some later time between 1884 and 1890 they both became teachers in St. Patrick's National School associated with St. Patrick's Parish Church, Donaghmore. In the Ulster Directory they are first listed as the teachers in this National School in 1890 (others are named in the 1870, 1877, 1880 and 1884 directories). Therefore there is some uncertainty about where Bernard was teaching during the period 1878 to 1890; he may still have been teaching in the Cross Dernot school. They lived in the Railway Cottage close by the Donaghmore railway station where they raised a large family.

    In the Aug.13, 1887, edition of the newspaper, Northern Constitution, there is a list of the people who spent their holidays in Portrush in 1887 and B.M.Brennen, A.E.Brennen and H.M.Brennen from County Tyrone are recorded as staying at Heathmount. This must refer to Bernard and his sons Alfred and Herbert.

    Marriage certificate of Bernard Macauley Brennen and Susanna Dorothea Quin.

    There is a legend that the Brennen family was of Huguenot origin. Bernard apparently effected French dress and mannerisms. My father, Wilfred Brennen, remembered his flowered French waistcoat and the cigarettes he smoked (most unusual in Ireland at that time). When I (CEB) went to see Doreen's grandfather, William R. Kerr, a tailor in Dungannon, to seek his approval of our marriage I learnt that Grandfather Kerr remembered the ``Frenchman'' of nearby Donaghmore. As suggested earlier this may all stem from Bernard's introduction to French fashions while a student in Dublin. Bernard had a reputation as an excellent teacher and won the Carlisle and Blake premium, a teaching commendation, no less than three times in succession. He was also very active in the affairs of St. Patrick's Parish Church in Donaghmore. In the Minute Book of the Select Vestry his name first appears during this second sojourn as a member of the Select Vestry at its Easter Vestry meeting on March 29, 1880. He remained a member of the Select Vestry until his death. In later years he was appointed Secretary of the Select Vestry and also served as Parochial Nominator and as Churchwarden. There are extant signatures of his as a witness to his sister Mary's wedding in Donaghmore and to his sister Eliza Jane's wedding in St. John's, Kilwarlin. In Donaghmore the Brennens were very friendly with Bernard's sister's family, the Stewarts. Indeed, the grave in St. Patrick's churchyard is a twin grave with the Stewart family. Susan Dorothea, as she is called on her gravestone, was a severe and grand old Victorian lady who always dressed in black. When Wilfred Brennen as a small boy was on holiday in Donaghmore with his sister Muriel he got into some trouble when he announced at the dinner table one evening that his grandfather, Bernard, was a fine chap but that he, Wilfred, disapproved of the woman he had married. However, Gertrude Scott remembers her as a very good and kind lady; she says she never saw her frown. Alex Caldwell of Donaghmore who was very friendly with both the Brennen and Stewart families recalled Susan coming to his parent's farmhouse every day for milk, butter, eggs, etc.

    The 1901 census return of Bernard and Susan Brennen.

    In the 1901 Census Bernard M. and Susan Dorah Brennen are listed as living in the townland of Mullygruen, parish of Donaghmore. Their ages are given as 58 and 46 respectively and both are listed as National Teachers. Their house, which belonged to Messrs. Lyle, wine and spirit merchants of Donaghmore, was apparently next to ``Donaghmore Old National School''. At the time of the Census their sons Cecil and Herbert and their daughters Edith and Maud were living with them. Bernard retired from teaching in 1908 and his wife retired in 1919. In her memoirs of Donaghmore Margaret Mary Devlin recalls in the 1980s that: "The property belonging to the Castle was known as Lyles Estate in the Townland of Mullygruen, the house where Ann McCourt lives now belonged to the Lyles Estate, a family called Brennan lived in that house. Master and Mrs Brennan were teachers in the Pink School, (Protestant) they also played the Organ in the Church. ... After Mr and Mrs Brennan retired there was a Master Lee came to teach in the Pink School, he had two children, Isobel and Cecil, they lived at where we called Dick Simmon's Crossroads, it is now known as Baxters or McConvilles corner. Mrs Lee died quite young and after Master Lee retired I think he went to live about Granville or Eglish. There was a Mr Hobson came in his place and there was also a lady called Miss Graham and she boarded with the Brennans and taught in that school. I also remember a Miss Emerson teaching there but she only stayed a short time, she boarded with Mr Maguire who was the Printer in Browns Soapworks."

    Donaghmore Old National School in 1914 with Susan Dorothea on the left. Courtesy of Patricia Bogue, DMHS.

    Bernard was very fond of walking along the railway line with his dog. At the age of 75 he did not return from his walk on the night of May 11, 1918. The next morning he was found sitting on the bank of the railway line and leaning on his walking-stick, seemingly alive. His dog stood guard and had to be enticed (or forced) away before the body could be moved. Susan Dorothea died of heart failure on Feb. 24, 1925, at the age of 71. Her son Cecil was present at her death. They are both buried in the cemetary of St. Patrick's. Chairs by the altar, the eagle lectern and a quantity of church silver are dedicated to the memory of Bernard, Susan and some of their children. These were the gifts of their daughter, Maud. The gravestone in the churchyard of St. Patrick's Parish Church, Donaghmore reads:

    in loving memory of
    Bernard McAuley Brennen 11th May 1918
    his wife Susan Dorothea Brennen 23rd Feb 1925
    and their children Ethel 1887, Ernest 1887
    Wilfred 1897, Mervyn 1897 and baby 1894
    Kathleen Brennen 1892 Ann Grieve 1899
    Alfred M.Brennen 1948 Cecil 1950 Herbert 1952
    And with the morn those angel faces smile
    which we have loved long since and lost awhile
    Erected by their sorrowing daughter Eileen Maud Brennen
    and grandson E.Cyril Grieve.

    On either side of this main inscription are the names of other children of Bernard and Susan as well as that of grandson, Cyril Grieve:

    Eileen M. Brennen, 8th June 1970
    Edith Mabel Olds, 29th June 1971
    Edward William Cyril Grieve, 1st June 1968

    As indicated on this gravestone Bernard and Susan had many children. They are described in the next chapter. A photograph that is included may well have been taken outside the Railway Cottage and includes their daughters Edith and Maud and a third young woman whom Gertie Scott identified as ``Kate'' Brennen.

Last updated 11/4/01.

Christopher E. Brennen